Foods That Are High In Protein and Low in Cholesterol

A high-protein, low-cholesterol/ fat diet along with a moderate carbohydrate diet helps:

– to achieve weight loss

– to reduce cholesterol levels

– to maintain an healthy heart

– to reduce the Cardiovascular risk.

THE GOLDEN RULE:

The golden rule of the Carbohydrate- protein- fat ratio is 50-30-20 %. These percentages often vary +/- 5-10% depending on if you are in the weight loss or maintenance stage.

TYPES OF PROTEINS:

Proteins help to provide the body with Aminoacids or building blocks:

1) Complete or whole proteins- which contains all of of the Amino acids the body requires eg. Animal proteins

2) Incomplete proteins- which contain only some of the amino acids eg. Vegetable proteins

ROLE OF HIGH-PROTEIN OR HP DIETS:

– Play an important part in the growth, development, and repair of the body.

– Protein’s weight loss power is because the body uses more calories to burn off protein than fats or carbohydrates, and protein also facilitates muscle building.

– High- protein foods slow the transit time of food through the gut, thereby having a knock- on effect on appetite, by maintaining fullness for longer, reducing feelings of hunger and reducing overall calorie intake

– Protein also keeps blood sugars stable unlike the sugar spike associated with many carbohydrates.

DAILY INTAKE:

The Institute of Medicine has recommended a minimum protein intake of 0.8 g/ kg of body weight per day.

The National Academy of Sciences has set a RDA of 46g protein in women and 56g in men.

TIPS FOR A HIGH- PROTEIN, LOW- CHOLESTEROL DIET:

1) Try and get a good mix of proteins. Aim to have 2-3 servings of a mixture of animal and vegetable proteins every day.

2) Avoid red meats- high in saturated fats and increase the levels of unhealthy LDL cholesterol. Avoid processed meats- ham, bacon, salami, sausages. Venison is however an excellent source of protein with 1/3rd the amount of fat in beef.

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4) Use low- fat methods of cooking- Bake, roast, broil, grill, poach or stir-fry

EXAMPLES OF HIGH- PROTEIN, LOW-CHOLESTEROL FOODS:

– Skinless chicken or turkey breast

– Cod/ other white fish

– Tuna

– Shellfish

– Broccoli

– Soya products like Tofu, soya milk/yogurts/breads.

– Beans and lentils

– Egg whites

– Low fat milk/yoghurts.

– Low- fat cottage cheese( people with high Blood pressure should avoid this due to the high sodium content)

CAUTIONS:

– Protein Toxicity: Be careful of protein overload, especially in patients with pre-existing kidney or liver problems.

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